阿格尼丝.格雷(Agnes Grey)(中英双语版)
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世界文学史上, 勃朗特三姐妹中,夏洛蒂和艾米莉分别以《简·爱》和《呼啸山庄》享有盛誉,而小妹妹安妮的《阿格尼斯·格雷》是英国维多利亚朝一部很有深度的优秀的现实主义小说,作者站在那个时代的进步立场上,揭示了社会的不平等和不合理,对于“世胄蹑高位,英俊沉下僚”的社会现实,表现出强烈的不满和抗议。
Written when women—and workers generally—had few rights in England, Agnes Grey exposes the brutal inequities of the rigid class system in mid-nineteenth century Britain. Agnes comes from a respectable century Britain. Agnes comes from a respectable middle-class family, but their financial reverses have forced her to seek work as a governess. Pampered and protected at home, she is unprepared for the harsh reality of a governess’s life. At the Bloomfields and later the Murrays, she suffers under the snobbery and sadism of the selfish, self-indulgent upper-class adults and the shrieking insolence of their spoiled children. Worse, the unique social and economic position of a governess—“beneath” her employers but “above” their servants—condemns her to a life of loneliness. Less celebrated than her older sisters Charlotte and Emily, Anne Bronte was also less interested in spinning wildly symbolic, romantic tales and more determined to draw realistic images of conditions in Victorian England that need changing. While Charlotte’s Jane Eyre features a governess who eventually and improbably marries her employer, Agnes Grey deals with the actual experiences of middle-class working women, experiences Anne had herself endured during her hateful tenure as a governess.
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